Justice and public safety: A Humane but Firm Justice
Resolution #86: Justice and public safety: A Humane but Firm Justice (Official French version)
One of the most fundamental missions of a government is the administration of justice, both civil and criminal, as well as the protection of our institutions, our way of life and the security of our citizens. In the framework of the Canadian federal system, justice is a jurisdiction that is shared between the federal government and the provinces and territories. The criminal code falls under federal jurisdiction while the administration of justice comes under provincial and territorial jurisdiction, including the civil and criminal courts within its territory.
The federal government manages the penitentiaries that accommodate people serving a sentence of two years or more. It has also created Parole Boards, who have the exclusive authority to grant, deny, cancel or revoke day parole or full parole to inmates in federal prisons. The board can also order inmates to serve their full sentence.
The provinces, for their part, are responsible for those who have a sentence of less than two years. Québec and Ontario are the only two provinces that have boards with the power to grant parole to offenders serving a sentence of less than two years.